The process of floor construction refers to the laying down of a base on which a building is supported by the walls and floor beams. It is the one most important part of any structure, as it makes the structure stable, resistant to natural and man-made elements, and also gives protection to the occupants against external and internal forces. The floors also give protection to the structural elements against damage and also provide a place for the occupants to be able to move around. It should also be kept in mind that in any building one of the major factors that determine the quality of its construction and its safety is floor construction. This is because the quality of floor construction determines the quality of other constructions that are related to it.
Floor construction is arguably the most important activity in the construction process as it serves as the primary link between super-structural and sub-structural foundations. Apart from the base, the floors of the construction serves as the first direct support for the super-structural beams and columns. Once the super-structural beams and column support beams have been established, the beams and column support beams are then supported by the floors. In addition to this, the floors serve as a means of transmitting the gravitational forces of super-structural beams and column support beams to the ground in a controlled manner.
The floor is made up of several layers and each layer plays an important role in the quality of floor construction. The floors are composed of concrete and other aggregate materials such as stone, sand, clay or slate. All these materials are used for several reasons such as: they are cost effective, easy to manage, easy to install, require minimum maintenance, and provide good resistance to any force applied to them. However, if concrete, aggregate, or other aggregate materials are not selected, the building is then capable of resisting the effects of any external force without the intervention of the floors san phang khong dam. For example, if beams or columns are not installed and supported by the concrete floor, it will collapse and this can be very dangerous. since the collapsed floor may not only cause structural damage to the occupants but may also create a danger to other occupants and to the structure itself when debris falls from the collapsed floor.
A concrete floor is strong and durable, as it has a density of at least 1.35 pounds per cubic foot. Also, concrete floors are known for their resistance to heat, fire, and corrosion and they are also resistant to the effects of vibrations. Since concrete is used extensively, it is required in many buildings, including residential homes and commercial buildings. They also last longer than other building materials. due to their durability, stability, resistance to natural elements, and life span.
Flooring used for residential purposes in residential buildings is generally made up of crushed stone shingles and tiles. These materials are commonly made from clay, sand, and limestone or marble. Clay tile flooring, however, is used in some commercial buildings. Tile flooring can be made in different shapes and sizes and thus provides more flexibility in terms of design, thus increasing the possibilities of design.
There are also other materials available in floor construction such as steel sheets, wood shakes, blocks of stone or wood. For the structures in factories, steel is often used and is available in different shapes and sizes. This type of flooring is often used as well in industrial buildings.