Conventionally, examinations are considered as a method of examination of students who have experienced one amount of education or still another at the conclusion of a term, term or academic year. Nevertheless, among different disturbing developments which a is encountering in the country in these days, the likelihood of examination malpractices in the Nigerian academic program is just a cardinal one that is rapidly assuming an amount of national and global distress and harmful dimension. It is really a harming crisis, which if not healed shortly, may ruin the nation’s all-important education sector.
Examination malpractices are generally called wrongdoings before, during or following examinations. And, without mincing words, they are having showing, negative effects on the nation’s quality of training, only as many school leavers and graduates can’t defend their certificates. As sinister as this endemic tendency may possibly appear, urgent steps must be adopted for the cankerworm not to destroy the nation’s potential absolutely before long: it’s too important to be neglected. And, this is actually, another cogent purpose Nigeria wants moral renaissance and price regeneration in every aspects of their national life waec expo.
How can one identify what an examination malpractice is? Based on Nwana (2000), examination malpractice is defined whilst the “significant and unprecedented abuse of rules and rules pertaining to internal and community examinations, beginning from the placing of such examinations through the taking of the examinations, their noticing and grading, to the release of the outcomes and the issuance of certificates.”
In a similar vein, an academic has attempted another explanation with this unbridled trend as “the behave of omission or commission supposed to create a student pass examination without depending absolutely on his/her separate capacity or resources.” Specific study results, conclusions, instructive and knowledgeable submissions of educationalists, academics, and different top stakeholders in that specific field of the nation’s economy, however, have suggested that there have been one kind of examination malpractice or the other before since in early 1970s when “bulk cheating was perpetrated in WAEC” (West African-american Examinations Council).
Perhaps, that realisation jolted the examination human anatomy at the extra college level to study critically, different manifestations and level of this retrogressive inclination. It supposedly, categorised different types of examination malpractice as including taking in foreign products to exam halls, irregular actions inside and outside examination halls, collusion, impersonation, leakage, mass cheating and insult/assault on supervisors during exams.
Other designs of examination malpractices identified by WAEC contain assistance of prospects by invigilators to solution or have idea to difficult concepts, while some invigilators also head to the level of addressing some areas of the issue for candidates, apart from other kinds as “giraffing, contraband, bullet, super print, escort, missiles, and pregnant biros.”
None the less, what has happened to the emergency of the country’s education program from that point till this very day? However, in the extended 21st Century, examination malpractices of varying forms, forms and manifestations, incontrovertibly, have worsened and turn into a national problem. The unbecoming inclination voraciously, continues to eat deep into the social material, from the comfort of principal schools to tertiary institutions of learning across the Nigerian Federation. It’s no surprise then, that the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT), of new, passionately requested the National Assembly to declare circumstances of crisis in the education field so as to consciously revamp the missing fame of the after successful industry.
While several stakeholders in the market yet, believe that the widespread malaise the training market is not only perpetrated by the pupils alone, but in addition with the productive connivance of different stakeholders, including educators, safety agents, exam invigilators, units, supervisors, and such, examination malpractices have similarly been defined by some in the know of the pervasiveness of the discouraging trend as “perennial and institutionalised multibillion Naira business”, which some depraved persons, groups and institutions supply fat in the united kingdom as of now.
But, a applicable problem any honest-minded Nigerians need to ask themselves as of this point is: How did Nigeria get to this decadent state in their knowledge industry? In the same way some significant stakeholders and authorities severally, have expressed honest concerns in regards to the constant damage constant examination malpractices are causing on the nation, several factors have been advanced because of this unpleasant development.
Among different causes adduced for the astronomical escalation in examination malpractices in recent years are that using instances, “issues are not related to the syllabus”, and therefore, examination malpractices are encouraged. It is also, been alleged that matter syllabuses are bombarded and hard for examination individuals, so that they quite often find it difficult to cope. But, are these tenable reasons for doubtful candidates and their depraved collaborators to take part in examination irregularities? It’s merely indefensible for candidates to resort to examination irregularities. It’s believed that with determined, aware initiatives at succeeding in just about any useful endeavour, including examinations, “wherever there’s a may, there is a way.”